Monday, July 20, 2015

Goebel Reeves: The Texas Drifter

If you are a fan of folk music and more specifically, train songs, then perhaps you know the song, "Hobo's Lullaby," made famous by Woody Guthrie. Hobo's Lullaby was written by Goebel Reeves. Goebel's father, Icil Burchett Reeves, was born in Albany, Kentucky on April 29, 1861. Icil went from being a traveling shoe salesman to serving in the Texas State Legislature, after his family migrated to that state in 1885.

Goebel Reeves, popularly known as the “Texas Drifter,” was born in Sherman, Texas, on October 9, 1899. He was one of six children born to Icil and Alice (Tutt) Reeves. His mother was a voice and piano teacher, who taught her son to sing. Goebel began singing in the Baptist Church at an early age and also was able to play the guitar, trumpet, and piano.

He was a teenager when his father was elected to the Texas State Legislature. Goebel worked there as a page. The family relocated to Austin where Goebel reportedly met a homeless man who made such an impression on him that Reeves soon became fascinated with the hobo lifestyle. While spending time around some of these homeless men, Goebel met vaudeville artist Al Wilson, who taught Reeves to yodel.

In 1917, Reeves enlisted in the United States Army, where he served as a bugler. He was wounded on the front lines while fighting in Europe during World War I and was later discharged. Upon returning to the United States, Goebel began living the itinerant lifestyle that would earn him the nickname the “Texas Drifter,” writing and singing songs about traveling as a vagabond.

Did the son of a Clinton County, KY native really teach the Father of Country Music, Jimmie Rodgers, how to yodel?

Goebel Reeves allegedly spent time around the Father of Country Music, Jimmie Rodgers and, although there is no way to confirm it, he always claimed that he taught Rodgers how to yodel. It should be noted that Reeves time spent around trains and hobo's earned him a reputation for telling tall stories and bending the truth, so maybe he did or maybe he did not teach Rodgers to yodel, one of the things Rodgers was most known for.

Goebel joined the Merchant Navy in the early 1920's and spent some time in Europe. He arrived in Galveston in 1929, and the first sound he heard was a Jimmie Rodgers record playing from a record store. Making records seemed like a good idea, so he swung up on the next fast freight for New York practicing yodels in the boxcar straw. Reeves walked into Long Island recording studio of the Gennett Record Co. and told George Keats, the manager, that he was an important recording artist from Texas. His first recordings were issued as Goeble Reeves, but that was too mundane; at all later sessions for Gennett, Okeh, and A.R.C he used a variety of pseudonyms including: The Texas Drifter; The Yodelling Wrangler; George Riley; Bert Knowles; The Broadway Wrangler; The Yodelling Rustler; Johnny Fay; The Broadway Rustler and Louie Acker.

Reeves' big break came in 1931. He was invited to join the clientele of a high-class New York restaurant and clutching his guitar, in he went. Graham McNamee, an NBC announcer, introduced "The Singing Bum" to Rudy Vallée, who immediately placed Reeves on his network radio show. Reeves was a great success, and signed an NBC contract for "three and a half." Reeves, not being the world's greatest accountant, divided several meals into $3.50. But when he got his pay check he was shocked; the three and a half turned out to be $350. Reeves also performed on the Grand Ole Opry in Nashville.

Throughout the 1930's, Goebel Reeves made approximately thirty-five recordings for a variety of labels, mixing together yodeling, comedic pieces, romantic ballads and insightful hobo commentaries.

Following World War II, Reeves, by this time a recluse, rarely ever performed in public. During the 1950s, he developed heart problems, and on January 26, 1959, he died of a heart attack in a hospital in Long Beach, California. He was buried in the Veteran’s Cemetery there. In the decades following his death, several albums of his recordings were released, including "Goebel Reeves — Hobo’s Lullaby" on the Bear Family label in 1994.

A sampling of Goebel Reeves' recordings can be found on the third CD of a four-CD set released in 2005, "Sounds Like Jimmie Rodgers," on which Reeves sings 19 songs.

Goebel Reeves has many relatives both living and buried in Clinton County, Kentucky. His paternal grandfather, Edward Prothero Reeves II, died on May 6, 1841 and is buried beside his wife, Susan Pierce Reeves, at the Griffin-Lee Cemetery at Static. His maternal grandfather was Icil Burchett, who was killed by guerillas during the Civil War in 1862. Icil and his wife, Elizabeth, are buried at Icil Burchett Cemetery at Cartwright.

Credit for this story goes to the Texas State Historical Association.


OKeh (1929-30)
45365 The Drifter, pt. 1 / The Drifter, pt. 2 - 08-29

45381 I Learned About Women From Her / Tramp's Mother - 10-29

45408 Blue Undertakers Blues / When The Clock Struck - 02-30

45427 My Mountain Gal / Blue Undertaker Blues, pt.2 - 05-30 as by Bert Knowles

45449 Fortunes Galore / Texas Drifter's Warning - 08-30

45491 In The Land Of The Never Was / Song Of The Sea - 11-30

Gennett-Champion (1930)
CH-16139 The Hobo's Grave / At The End Of The Hobo Trail – 30 as by Texas Drifter

CH-16189 Station H.O.B.O. / The Hobo's Last Letter – 31 as by Texas Drifter

CH-45194 I Learned About Women From Her / The Hobo's Last Letter - 36 (released on Champion)

ARC (1931)
- Romeo -
5023 Texas Drifter's Warning / The Tramps's Mother – 02-31 as by George Riley (also Oriole 8023, Perfect 12653)

5032 The Grave By The Whispering Pine / The Railroad Bum - 03-31 as by George Riley (also Oriole 8032, Banner 32098, Regal 10304)

5037 The Last Letter / The Cowboy's Dream - 03-31 as by George Riley (also Oriole 8037, Banner 32099, Regal 10305)

539 Hobo's Last Letter / Station Hobo - 04-31 (released on Brunswick)

5051 My Mississippi Home / At The End If The Hobo Trail – 05-31as by George Riley (also Oriole 8051, Banner 32131, Perfect 12694, Regal 10309)

M12214 Little Joe The Wrangler / The Cowboy's Dream – 31 (released on Melotone)

Decca (1934)
5020 Reckless Tex / Yodeling Teacher - 09-34

5021 Cowboy's Lullabye / Meet Me At The Crossroads - 09-34

45181 The Drifter's Lady / Hobo's Lullaby - 36 (released on Champion)

- Panachord (UK) -
25768 The Wayward Son / Reckless Tex

25848 The Drifter’s Buddy / The Cowboy’s Prayer

25991 The Soldier‘s Return / Miss Jackson Tennessee

26018 My Mountain Girl / Cold And Hungry

26042 Meet Me At The Crossroads / Yodeling Teacher

ARC (1934)
- Vocalion -
02806 Hobo And The Cop / The Cowboy's Lullaby - 10-34

02828 Hobo's Lullaby / Cowboy's Prayer - 11-34

- Melotone -
M13276 The Big Rock Candy Mountain / The Cowboy's Dizzy Sweetheart - 02-35 (also on Banner 33309, Romeo 5415, Oriole 8415, Perfect 13099)

M13369 Reckless Tex From Texas / Where The Mississippi Washes – 03-35 (also on Banner 33402,Romeo 5454, Oriole 8454, Perfect 13132)

M350911 The Wandering Boy / It's True I'm Just A Convict – 09-35

- Conquerer -
8442 Cold And Hungry / The Hobo's Prayer - 02-35

8443 Reckless Tex From Texas / The Bar None Ranch - 02-35

8470 The Cowboy's Dizzy Sweetheart / The Big Rock Candy Mountain - 04-35 (reissue of 13276)

8517 Where The Mississippi Washes / Reckless Tex From Texas - 06-35 (reissue of 13369)

8565 The Wandering Boy / It's True I'm Just A Convict - 09-35

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